12.1 Operational Organization
The Ignalina NPP organizational chart is given in Fig. 12.1. Operating functions involve the executive decision making and actions relating to the operation of the plant both during normal operation and in emergencies. General management activity at Ignalina NPP is the function of Director General who is the manager of the utility. He carries personal responsibility for the safe operation of the plant. The following officials are responsible directly to the Director General: plant technical director, manager of Safety and Quality Assurance department, deputy director for logistics, deputy director for personnel, deputy director for economy, deputy director for security (physical protection) and manager of the department of international projects.
The Plant Board is created at Ignalina NPP according to existing Lithuanian legislation. The following officials are member of the Board:
Along with the Ignalina NPP administration the Board is the managing body of the enterprise, and the Director General is the Chairman of the Board. The Board performs policy making functions such as setting management objectives and making decisions on financial and manpower resources. The Board reports to the Ministry of the Economy.
Fig. 12.1 The Ignalina NPP organizational chart
The responsibility for direct administration and technical management of the key operations departments are delegated to the technical director. The technical director bears ultimate responsibility for making decisions essential to plant operation, maintenance, and technical support. The technical director deputy for operations provides technical control over the key plant departments involved in on-line operations. He is also in charge of industrial, radiological and fire safety in operations. All operating staff is under his authority. The plant shift supervisor provides the administrative control of the composite shift staff consisting of control room operators and shift operators in workshops.
Operating service organization chart is shown in Fig. 12.2. Organization is based on the established clear-cut interaction of different structural levels. The said interaction can be divided into:
The nature of interactions between administrative units are specified in administrative procedures. Rights and responsibilities of each component of the organization structure are specified for all operating modes.
Organization of operational responsibilities at the Ignalina NPP are based on the workshop system, in which responsibility for the various systems and equipment in the plant, excluding the main control room, are assigned to different units called “equipment workshops”. There are eight workshops: Reactor, Turbine, Electrical, Instrumentation and Control, Chemical, Process Nitrogen and Oxygen, District Heating and Underground Communication Services, and Decontamination workshops. The control room operating staff can be considered to be a ninth “ workshop”, whose equipment responsibility includes all the central control logic and equipment, the control rooms, the control panels, and which has the key function of controlling all operational, maintenance, and testing interventions to the operating plant. Each workshop is led by a manager, who reports directly to the plant technical director. Each workshop is technically responsible for the safe operation and maintenance of the equipment and systems assigned to it, and each workshop is a true organization with its own shift supervisor, in additional to functional manager. Field operators are part of the operating shift organizations within workshops, while the main control room operators report directly to the plant shift supervisor.
Fig. 12.2 The Ignalina NPP operating service organization chart
The organization and management of the maintenance function parallels that described above for operations. Maintenance service is charged with maintenance including all types of repairs, equipment upgrading, testing and field adjustment. Maintenance personnel are located in the equipment workshops. Coordination and management of their maintenance activities is the responsibility of technical director deputy for maintenance. He reports directly to the plant technical director.
Plant organization was evaluated in the “In-Depth Safety Assessment of the Ignalina NPP”  study completed in 1996. The Ignalina Safety Panel criticized plant management for lack of direction and failure to promote a proper safety culture. As one of the most important safety issues needing immediate resolution it is recommended that the Ignalina NPP should commit to an appropriate management structure to ensure safe operation of the plant, efficient implementation of necessary safety improvements and adequate support of the licensing process.
The Lithuanian Ministry of the Economy established a coordination group for the preparation and guidance of the Government strategy to address the recommendations of the ISP. This coordination group has proposed and the Government endorsed the proposal, that the existing Lithuanian company law is completed so that a Board of Governors of the Ignalina NPP can be established and the Director General can be given full authority for safe operation of the plant.