The core objective of the RE-Shaping project was to assist Member State (MS) governments in preparing for the implementation of Directive 2009/28/EC and to guide a European policy for RES in the mid- to long term. The past and present success of policies for renewable energies was evaluated and recommendations derived to improve future RES support schemes. The effectiveness and the efficiency of current and future RES support schemes was analysed with specific focus on the European market for renewable electricity products. Current best practices were identified, and (future) costs of RES and the corresponding support necessary to initiate stable growth were assessed. Better integration of RES policies with climate and innovation policy as well as liberalised energy markets were analysed and promoted. Options for flexibility between Member States were analysed. The future deployment of RES in each MS was calculated based on the Green-X model to assist MS in implementing national action plans and to support a long term vision of the European RES policy. The impact of policies on risks for RES financing were analysed and improved policies and financing instruments were proposed.
Database on RES-supported schemes applied in EU countries and the latest statistical information on the use of RES for electricity and heat production and in the transport sector has been updated. On the basis of this database, the efficiency and effectiveness indicators of the RES-E support measures for individual technologies has been evaluated. Analysis of the risks of RES projects has been performed and proposals for innovative financing schemes for RES projects have been prepared.
Total cost: 1 772 880 EUR (LEI part: 119 212 EUR)
Coordinator: Fraunhofer Institute Systems and Innovation Research (ISI), Germany
- Vienna University of Technology, Energy Economics Group (EEG), Austria
- Ecofys b.v. (ECOFYS), Netherlands
- Electricity Policy Research Group (EPRG), University of Cambridge (UCAM), UK
- KEMA, Netherlands
- Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands
- Energo Banking Advisory Ltd, Hungary
- Bacconi University, Italy